Intimate partner violence
- In NSW there are approximately 2,500 reports of domestic violence to the police every month – but this likely represents only 40% of actual incidents due to underreporting (NCOSS, 2020).
- According to the 2022 report (The National Homicide Monitoring Program),in 2019-20, there were 45 intimate partner homicides; 36 of these were female victims (80 per cent). This averages to approximately one woman being killed by an intimate partner every 10 days (Plan 4 Women’s Safety 2022).
- In 2018 intimate partner violence contributed to 1.4% of the total burden of disease and injury among Australian women (AIHW 2023)
- Australian women are nearly three times more likely than men to experience violence from an intimate partner (ABS, 2017).
- 1 in 3 Australian women (30.5%) has experienced physical violence since the age of 15 (ABS, 2017).
- 1 in 5 Australian women (18.4%) has experienced sexual violence since the age of 15 (ABS, 2017).
- 1 in 3 Australian women (34.2%) has experienced physical and/or sexual violence perpetrated by a man since the age of 15 (ABS, 2017).
- Almost one in 10 women (9.4%) have experienced violence by a stranger since the age of 15 (ABS, 2017).
- Young women (18–24 years) experience significantly higher rates of physical and sexual violence than women in older age groups (ABS, 2017).
- Prevalence of sexual violence against women was highest for women in the 18–24 year age group (5.9%), with prevalence decreasing as age increased (AIHW 2023).
- Women with disability are more likely to experience violence (ABS, 2018).
- Women with disability report higher rates of past sexual violence and intimate partner violence than their male counterparts (AIHW 2022).
- 1 in 4 (25% or 748,000) women with disability have experienced sexual violence after the age of 15, compared with 15% (or 978,000) without disability
- (AIHW 2022).
- 2 in 5 (40% or 1.2 million) women with disability have experienced physical violence after the age of 15, compared with 26% (or 1.7 million) without disability
- (AIHW 2022).
- 1 in 5 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women aged 15 and over has experienced physical violence in a 12-month period (ABS, 2016).
- Over one-third of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women who have experienced physical violence in the year preceding 2014-15 identified an intimate partner as the perpetrator of their most recent experience of physical violence (ABS, 2016).
- In 2016–17, Indigenous females aged 15 and over were 34 times as likely to be hospitalised for family violence as non-Indigenous females (AIHW 2019).
- Spouse or domestic partner was most commonly reported as the perpetrator for hospitalisations of Indigenous females aged 15 and over for assault injuries(62%, or 1,600 cases) (AIHW 2019).
Although there are many similarities to experiences of domestic and family violence amongst heterosexual and cisgendered people, there are also important differences for LGBTIQA+ people; LGBTIQA+ people experience higher rates of discrimination, there are less specialised services to attend for support, and “outing” or threatening to “out” someone because of their gender or sexuality is a form of abuse which is common.
- One study has found that lesbian, bisexual and heteroflexible women are at least twice as likely to experience physical violence by a partner as heterosexual, cisgender women (AIHW, 2019).
Culturally and linguistically diverse
- There is a lack of comprehensive, population-wide data on prevalence and impacts of violence against women from migrant and refugee backgrounds. Specific studies suggest high prevalence rates and specific issues of complexity, such as partner using a woman’s temporary migrant status as a means of violence (AIHW, 2018).
- It appears there were at least 387 women on temporary visas experiencing violence accessing support services in Australia (National Advocacy Group on Women on Temporary Visas Experiencing Violence 2018).
- Women who experience partner violence during pregnancy are 3 times as likely to experience depression (Brown et al., 2015).
- Pregnant women assaulted by a partner are more likely to experience injury to their trunk than other women (Brown et al., 2015).
- Violence during pregnancy can have health consequences for babies (Brown et al., 2015).
- Women who experienced domestic violence during pregnancy were more likely to suffer depression, and other physical and psychological health problems, compared with women who did not experience violence (AIHW 2019).
- Number of domestic violence related assault offences from January 2022 to December 2022 – 33, 410 incidents.
- There were 7764 incidents of sexual assault from Jan 2022-December 2022 (BOCSAR 2023).